• Updated on Oct 1, 2022

It was the time when spirituality was more demanding than materialism when man had faith and belief over universal power. The power that controls the existence of all sentient beings, the power that controls the circle of our existence from birth to death.

During such a wonderful period, a boy was born to the royal family, to the king Śuddhodana and queen Maya. He was a blessed boy with all the special qualities a man should have to be called Buddha in the days to come. Thus, was named Siddhartha Gautama.

The pond where the mother of Siddhartha Gautama, Mayadevi took bath before giving birth and Mayadevi temple in the background.

Prophesy by the sage after his birth traumatized the entire palace, Siddhartha was to be a great king or a great sage in the coming day. His popularity was to be known worldwide, and his father wanted him to be a ruler.

Thus, this little boy was living a luxurious life far away from being destitute of earthly suffering. He enjoyed all the materialistic pleasure and was living his life in different palaces according to the season of the year.

To divert his feeling and emotion, he was married at the age of 16. He spends his lustful life with the princess and begot a son ‘Rahul’.

This was to make him unfamiliar with all the earthly suffering but destiny waits for something else. One day he happened to see three different stages of human suffering. The first was an old man, a sick and suffering man, a dead man lying.

Upon his curiosity, his attendance taught him about life and death. They taught him about the circle of life and suffering before death overtakes us. The little prince was worried about all this suffering, old age, and death. He started to picture himself, his family, and his beloved one and their final fate, which is the final truth.

Finally, he happened to see a sage, a sadhu, and an ascetic being meditating. His attendance elaborated on him the sage and their purpose of life. Thus, the prince followed the path of the sage giving up his palace, kingdom, and family to find out the purpose of his birth.

At the age of 29, he went into the woods, changed different teachers, and finally at the age of 35 got enlightened and was titled ‘Buddha’ and was later known as Siddhartha Gautama Buddha. Through his long penance, he found cause and effect relationship between the entire suffering and how to overcome this.

He personally starts teaching a small group of people, his name and fame went far away and every day his disciple were increasing in numbers. And now, Buddhism is the fourth largest religion.

Buddha’s teaching is popular in Asia and Europe, he never declared himself a prophet. He taught people how to live a purposeful life killing all unnecessary desires and demands.

Born in a small kingdom of Lumbini, now in Nepal. Buddha travelled to many parts of Nepal, India, and Bhutan. Lumbini now is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Every year millions of followers visit Lumbini to explore the ruined palace and the place of his birth to pay homage to the blessed one.

Keeping the importance of his philosophy, the people of Nepal every year observe Buddha Jayanti Festival to mark the birth of Lord Buddha. This day is an official holiday in Nepal, all the religious sites related to Buddha are decorated and devotees flock to pay homage.

In Kathmandu Swayambhunath,Bouddhanath and Namo Buddha are three important sites related to Buddha and his teaching. Devotees from around the globe visit on this important day to pray and pay homage to the soul.

Boudhanath stupa is one of the biggest stupas in Nepal and is an important pilgrimage site for Buddhist people.
Namobuddha is considered one of the significant sites for Buddhists in Nepal where you can visit the big monastery with hundreds of monks. 
Swayambhunath temple which is also known as the monkey temple in Kathmandu is considered the oldest temple in Nepal.

Apart from these sites hundreds of Buddhist monasteries in and around Kathmandu and Nepal mark the celebration of Buddha Jayanti.

In Nepal, there are 4 sites regarded as one of pious for the entire Buddhist followers: namely Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Namo Buddha, and Lumbini.

If you are in Nepal, make this day a purpose of your life and be part of this mass celebration which falls once a year. In 2022 AD, Buddha Jayanti (Lord Buddha’s Birthday) falls on May 16. If time permits experience the rural life of Nepal and visit Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha.

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Kumar Lamsal

Kumar Lamsal

Kumar is one of the Co-founders and Managing directors of Discover Altitude holding 18 years of experience in the tourism sector of Nepal. He has trekked to almost all the popular regions of Nepal and is an authorized trekking and tour guide.

Started his career as a porter to support his study, now holds MPhil and LLB degree, and is doing his Ph.D. in religious studies. He loves traveling to the Himalayas and has deep knowledge about religion, culture, and history.

Kumar is also involved in the teaching sector as a part-timer to deliver his research related to the cultural and religious diversity of Nepal and is the one who mostly answers your queries giving them his personal touch through his decade-long experience.