Nepal is a country of festivals, every day in one corner or the other there is always a celebration going on. This multiple vibrant of festivals is the outcome of different ethnic groups of people living together.
Table of Contents
Nepal being a colorful country is the outcome of almost 125 different ethnic groups and 123 different languages but all living together in a peaceful environment, making a local festival a national festival. This is so because every ethnic group has its own festivals and celebration which now takes a national form, celebrating nationwide.
Below are some very popular festivals in Nepal, which are not to miss for any travelers when they are at the right time while visiting Nepal. Please note that Nepal follows the Lunar calendar also known as Bikram Sambat (BS) over the Georgian calendar, now Nepal is in 2077 BS, so the date for every festival varies year by year. For any information about the forthcoming festival in Nepal please contact Discover Altitude.
Discover Altitude here tries to focus on some of the popular 10 national festivals in Nepal which are celebrated nationwide.
When comes to talk about festivals of Nepal Dashain is the first which comes to the mind of every Nepali. Dashain is one of the most popular festivals in Nepal, which is celebrated nationwide for 5-days but the official festival starts 5 days prior, making it a 10-days festival.
Although the Dashain Festival is celebrated for 10-days, the main highlights of the Dashain festival start from the 6th day. This festival is mainly observed by goddesses Durga, so it is also known by the name Durga Pooja Festival, which is popular in India and other Hindu dwellers' areas.
Durga Pooja or Dashain Festival has its own history and ancient tales but the main outcome of the celebration is victory over evil, truth over falsity, and Gods over demons. To celebrate the festival goddesses Durga is worshiped in every temple and house, as she is regarded brave, powerful, and ever-loving goddesses.
In the context of Nepal, people sacrifice animals in the temples and house and the blood is splashed towards the idol of goddesses to pacify her trust (there is a mythical story related to animal sacrifice).
On the final day of the Dashain festival, people take blessings from parents, relatives, and elders with tika on their forehead, tika is mainly made up of rice, curd, and red powder, which symbolized power, bravery, protection, and devotion.
All family members gather together from the 6th day until the 9th day and then they travel to their relatives and in-laws' house to take blessing which further continues for a couple of days.
Dashain Festival in 2021 AD: 7th October-16th October
Tihar Festival is also known by the name Deepawali Festival. Tihar is the second largest and most popular festival in Nepal after Dashain. The festival of Tihar last for 5-days, starting from dog festival, crow festival, cow and ox festival and ending with brothers and sister festival, making it a 5-days Tihar celebration.
Tihar is also known as a festival of lights, every individual house is beautifully decorated with lights and lamps which last for the same 5-day, ending with the final day for brothers and sisters putting tika. This also makes brothers and sisters festival, on the final day sisters, put tika over brother’s forehead and vice versa and bless each other with a long and healthy life and prosperity, whereas in return brothers do the same promising to help a sister in the time of need and to continues the bond of love and also promise them to come every year in the Tihar Festival to take blessing no matter where they are.
Further, gifts are exchanged and the sister cooks delicious typical Nepalis cuisine and serves the family members.
Tihar Festival in 2021 AD: 3rd November- 7th November
Holi is another important festival in Nepal, it is known as the festival of colors. Holi is celebrated nationwide for a single day, but in the context of Nepal, Holi is celebrated separately in Hilly and Terai areas on alternate days. People gather everywhere, visit relatives, friends and splash different colors towards each other, making it an outdoor festival.
This Holi festival is also celebrated to exchange love, so it is believed even the worst enemy becomes friends from the day of the Holi festival.
Apart from this, the Holi festival is celebrated for the victory of good over evil, this is related to an ancient story from the Vishnu Purana, a holy Hindu text.
Holi Festival in 2022 AD: 17th March Holi festival in Hilly region of Nepal
18th March Holi festival in Terai region of Nepal
Maha Shivaratri Festival or Shivaratri Festival is also a popular one-day festival in Nepal. Shivaratri festival is mainly dedicated to lord shiva, the most worshipped god in Hinduism. It is believed that on this particular day Lord Shiva got married to mother goddesses Parvati and to some, it is a day when Lord Shiva consumed poison to save all the sentient beings.
During Shivaratri, devotees gather around Shivalaya (Temple of Lord Shiva) the whole night and day they sing and dance and consuming marijuana as well. Different varieties of foodstuff are made from marijuana and are offered to devotees.
Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu which is also the center of all Shivalaya around the world gets busy with pilgrimages in thousands.
Maha Shivaratri Festival in 2022 AD: 1st March in Nepal
Buddha Jayanti or Buddha Purnima is one of the popular celebrations around the globe, marks as the day when Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism and the ‘messenger of peace’ was born and the same day when Buddha attain enlightenment and also the same day when he attains Nirvana (death). This marks Buddha Jayanti an important day for Buddhist followers.
Buddha Jayanti is a national celebration day in Nepal, although the majority follow Hinduism as their main religion, Buddha is also regarded as one of the 8th incarnations of Lord Vishnu.
People visit monasteries, gumba, Buddhist shrines to offer their regards and thankful to Lord Buddha, for the principle he propounded. Historical sites in Nepal like Lumbini (the birthplace of Lord Buddha), Swyambhunath, Bouddhanath, Patan areas, etc. remain busy with devotees.
Apart from these devotees also visit monasteries and shrines and offer gifts to monks and needy people.
Buddha Jayanti festival in 2021 AD: 26th May in Nepal
Ram Navami is another a-day celebration Hindu festival, mainly celebrated in Nepal, India, and other areas among Hindu communities. Ram Navami is marked as a day when Lord Ram the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu was born to a royal family of Solar Dynasty to King Dasharatha and Queen Kaushalya in Ayodhya presently in India.
The celebration of Ram Navami is done with great joy and respect towards Lord Ram for his dutifulness and devotion towards his parents, citizens, brothers, and wife Sita, which makes him known as ‘Maryada Purushottam’, a symbol of ‘Perfect Man’.
Devotees on this day visit temple of Lord Ram and take his blessing and also, they clean their houses and idol of Lord Ram, Sita, and Laxman and decorate with beautiful colors and flowers.
Ram Navami festival in 2021 AD: 21st April in Nepal
Indra Jatra is a popular festival of Kathmandu Valley, mainly observed among the Newari Community but now became a nationwide festival making its center as Kathmandu valley.
Indra Jatra is an 8-days long festival, which starts after erecting a wooden pole from a pine tree in the heart of Kathmandu city also known as Basantapur or Kathmandu Durbar Square but the first day is celebrated in full spirit.
During the ceremony, hundreds of devotees and locals gather around the Basantapur area along with high government officials including the head of the state. The chariot of living goddesses KUMARI is being carried out in a procession in the main street, and devotees flock out to take her blessing, and this is the time when people are able to have a close view of the Kumari and take her pictures.
Indra Jatra festival in 2021 AD: 19th September in Nepal
Teej Festival is one of the most popular festivals in Nepal for women, it is also known as a women’s festival.
Teej is a three days festival, which continues with singing and dancing, and married women visit their parental house, meet their childhood friends, and share their emotions, sorrow, and happiness through songs.
Apart from this, they take fasting on the third day and visit Lord Shiva’s temple and perform the ritual ceremony for the blissful marital life, long-lived of their husband, children, and family members and for unmarried women, Teej is observed as a festival to take blessing from lord Shiva for their blissful forthcoming married life and wonderful family relation. Married women wear red saree, whereas unmarried girls attire themselves in different costumes.
Teej festival in 2021 AD: 9th September- 11th September in Nepal
Janai Purnima is another one-day festival in Nepal, also known as Rakshya Bandhan or Rakhi festival. On this special occasion, people visit temples early in the morning and thread around their wrist a holy thread and also brother visit their sisters and put colorful Rakhi in their hands.
Sisters bless their brothers with good luck, prosperity, and long-life and brother vow to protect their sister in every need and they exchange gifts.
Janai Purnima festival in 2021 AD: 22nd August in Nepal
Gai Jatra is another popular festival in Kathmandu valley mainly among the Newari community but now its popularity has reached far away to other communities as well. King Pratap Malla in around the 17th century AD, started the Gai Jatra festival for his Queen to come out of the mournful condition when their son died.
This Gai Jatra festival is now celebrated in the memory of their beloved one, people from each and every house come in the street in disguise form to show their love and respect towards the departed soul.
Gai Jatra festival in 2021 AD: 23rd August